pigeon toes

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  • Flat Feet and Fallen Arches

    Learning More About Flat Feet and Fallen Arches

    It is already a given that our feet are very important because we use them every day – when going to work, when doing household chores, when running for errands, etc. But as we do all these things, our feet have to absorb a lot of impact, which can be very taxing on them. This means we need to keep our feet healthy and in good working condition.

    It is the arch of the foot that absorbs the impact when we walk or run. That is why flat feet, when unaddressed, can cause long term health and foot problems.

    Causes of Flat Feet

    If your foot has no arch, then you have a condition known as flat feet or fallen arches. Some people are born with flat feet, while others develop a condition where their foot arches get shallower and shallower.

    The most common reasons why this happens include

    • Degeneration of joints and muscles
    • Foot injury
    • Hormonal changes

    Most babies are born with what appears to be flat feet but this can because of another condition called tarsal coalition. Another condition that causes flat feet is posterior tibial tendon dysfunction. An injury such as torn muscles in the legs or feet can also cause the feet to become flat. Severe arthritis is also another culprit.

    There are other conditions that cause fallen arches or flat feet such as aging, being overweight, pregnancy, diabetes or high blood pressure.

    Quite often there is no pain or discomfort associated with this condition; however, some people do find that their feet easily get tired even from mild activities. Some people with flat feet suffer from swelling along the inner foot and moving them can be extremely painful.

    Others will notice that their feet may overpronate whenever they walk or run. This can cause further damage to the feet.

    Treatments for Flat Feet

    It is important that flat feet be properly diagnosed by a Podiatrist, and given proper treatment.

    If there is swelling or discomfort, putting cold therapy on the feet and resting them will definitely help. In some cases, anti-inflammatory drugs may need to be taken for relief.

    Physical therapy and certain exercises may also be advised to correct the condition. Individuals with flat feet should wear a special type of footwear for corrective purposes. Many people will get relief by using orthotics. The Podiatrist may prescribe a device to be worn in the shoe or a pair of customised shoes especially for the patient The Podiatrist will perform a variety of tests to make a diagnosis and develop a proper course of treatment.

    Sometimes, surgery may be necessary if there are abnormalities in the bones or in the muscles of the feet.

    Any individual with flat feet should see a Podiatrist so the issue can be diagnosed and treated properly to avoid complications.